February New African, Asian, and European History books
Rethinking Oral History and Tradition: An Indigenous Perspective
Rethinking Oral History and Tradition: An Indigenous Perspective: D16.14 .M24 2019
Author(s): Nepia Mahuika
New York, NY : Oxford University Press 
Indigenous peoples have our own ways of defining oral history. For many, oral sources are shaped and disseminated in multiple forms that are more culturally textured than just standard interview recordings. For others, indigenous oral histories are not merely fanciful or puerile myths or traditions, but are viable and valid historical accounts that are crucial to native identities and the relationships between individual and collective narratives. This book challenges popular definitions of oral history that have displaced and confined indigenous oral accounts as merely oral tradition. It stands alongside other marginalized community voices that highlight the importance of feminist, Black, and gay oral history perspectives, and is the first text dedicated to a specific indigenous articulation of the field. Drawing on a Maori indigenous case study set in Aotearoa New Zealand, this book advocates a rethinking of the discipline, encouraging a broader conception of the way we do oral history, how we might define its form, and how its politics might move beyond a subsuming democratization to include nuanced decolonial possibilities.
The Rebirth of Area Studies: Challenges for History, Politics and International Relations in the 21st Century
The Rebirth of Area Studies: Challenges for History, Politics and International Relations in the 21st Century: D16.25 .R43 2020
Author(s): Zoran Milutinovic
London ; IB Tauris 2020.
Area Studies became increasingly common after World War II as a means of responding to perceived 'external threats' from the Soviet Union and China. After the Cold War and in the face of increasingly rapid globalisation, it seemed inevitable that Area Studies – institutionally and intellectually – would slowly degenerate. But this has not been the case, and there has recently been a resurgence of interest in it as an effective and positive research paradigm. Responding to this renewed interest, this book brings together an esteemed group of contributors at the cutting edge of the field to consider the state of Area Studies today and its prospects for the future. The Rebirth of Area Studies demonstrates that numerous aspects of the research paradigm in fact recommend it as well-suited for the present moment and the challenges posed by globalisation, both as a means to overcome disciplinary limitations and to increase self-reflexivity. Area Studies research is grounded in place-specific knowledge, yet by definition it transcends nation as the basic unit of analysis and thus empowers comparative and trans-national approaches. This book outlines a new, critical Area Studies for the 21st century – self-reflexive, aware of its limitations and conscious of its origins in geopolitical, strategic or ideological considerations – and is essential reading for historians, geographers and political scientists.
Patterns of World History, with Sources
Patterns of World History, with Sources: D21 .V67 2018
Author(s): Peter Von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, George B. Stow, Jonathan Scott Perry
New York, NY : Oxford University Press 
Encouraging a broad understanding of continuity, change, and innovation in human history, Patterns in World History presents the global past in a comprehensive, even-handed, and open-ended fashion. Instead of focusing on the memorization of people, places, and events, this text strives topresent important facts in context and draw meaningful connections by examining patterns that have emerged throughout global history.
War and Public Memory: Case Studies in Twentieth-Century Europe
War and Public Memory: Case Studies in Twentieth-Century Europe: D424 .M485 2020
Author(s): David A. Messenger
Tuscaloosa : The University of Alabama Press 
An introduction to key issues in the study of war and memory that examines significant conflicts in twentieth-century Europe In order to understand the history of twentieth-century Europe, we must first appreciate and accept how different societies and cultures remember their national conflicts. We must also be aware of the ways that those memories evolve over time. In War and Public Memory: Case Studies in Twentieth-Century Europe, Messenger outlines the relevant history of war and its impact on different European nations, and assesses how and where the memory of these conflicts emerges in political and public discourse and in the public sphere and public spaces of Europe. The case studies presented emphasize the major wars fought on European soil as well as the violence perpetrated against civilian populations. Each chapter begins with a brief overview of the conflict and then proceeds with a study of how memory of that struggle has entered into public consciousness in different national societies. The focus throughout is on collective social, cultural, and public memory, and in particular how memory has emerged in public spaces throughout Europe, such as parks, museums, and memorial sites. Messenger discusses memories of the First World War for both the victors and the vanquished as well as their successor states. Other events discussed include the Bolshevik Revolution and subsequent conflicts in the former Soviet Union, the Armenian genocide, the collapse of Yugoslavia, the legacy of the civil war in Spain, Germanys reckoning with its Nazi past, and the memory of occupation and the Holocaust in France and Poland.
The Other Wars: The Experience and Memory of the First World War in the Middle East and Macedonia
The Other Wars: The Experience and Memory of the First World War in the Middle East and Macedonia: D517 .F36 2020
Author(s): Justin Fantauzzo
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press 2020.
The first full-length study of the experience and memory of British and Dominion soldiers in the Middle East and Macedonia during WWI.
Rediscovering E. R. Dodds: Scholarship, Education, Poetry, and the Paranormal
Rediscovering E. R. Dodds: Scholarship, Education, Poetry, and the Paranormal: D56.52.D63 R43 2019
Author(s): Christopher Stray, Christopher Pelling, Stephen Harrison
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press 2019.
Rediscovering E. R. Dodds offers the first comprehensive assessment of a remarkable classical scholar, who was also a poet with extensive links to twentieth-century English and Irish literary culture, the friend of Auden and MacNeice. Dodds was born in Northern Ireland, but made his name as Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford from 1936 to 1960, succeeding Gilbert Murray. Before this he taught at Reading and Birmingham, was active in the Association of University Teachers, or AUT (of which he became president), and brought an outsider's perspective to the comfortable and introspective world of Oxford. His famous book The Greeks and the Irrational (1951) remains one of the most distinguished and visionary works of scholarship of its time, though much less well-known is his long and influential involvement with psychic research and his work for the reconstruction of German education after the Second World War. The contributions to this volume seek to shed light on these less explored areas of Dodds' life and his significance as perhaps the last classicist to play a significant role in British literary culture, as well as examining his work across different areas of scholarship, notably Greek tragedy. A group of memoirs - one by his pupil and former literary executor, Donald Russell, and three by younger friends who knew, visited, and looked after Dodds in his last years - complement this portrait of the influential scholar and poet, offering a glimpse of the man behind the legacy.
Forgotten Bastards of the Eastern Front: American Airmen Behind the Soviet Lines and the Collapse of the Grand Alliance
Forgotten Bastards of the Eastern Front: American Airmen Behind the Soviet Lines and the Collapse of the Grand Alliance: D790 .P64 2019
Author(s): Serhii Plokhy
New York, NY : Oxford University Press 
The full story of the first and only time American and Soviets fought side-by-side in World War IIAt the conference held in Tehran November 1943, American officials proposed to their Soviet allies a new operation in the effort to defeat Nazi Germany. The Normandy Invasion was already in the works; what American officials were suggesting until then was a second air front: the US Air Force wouldestablish bases in Soviet-controlled territory. Though pushing relentlessly for the United States and Great Britain to do more to help the war effort - the Soviet body count was staggering - Stalin, recalling the presence of foreign troops during the Russian Revolution, balked. His concern was thatthe American presence would inflame regional and ideological differences. Eventually in early 1944, Stalin was persuaded to give in, and Operation Baseball and then Frantic were initiated. B-17 Superfortresses were flown from bases in Italy to the Poltova region (in what is today Ukraine).As Plokhy's fascinating and utterly original book shows, what happened on these airbases mirrors the fate of the Grand Alliance itself. While both sides were fighting for Germany's unconditional surrender, differences arose that no common purpose could overcome. Soviet secret policeman watched overthe Americans, shadowing every move, and eventually trying to prevent fraternization between American airmen and local women. A catastrophic air raid by the Germans revealed the limitations of Soviet air defenses. Relations soured and the operations went south. Based on previously inaccessiblearchives, Forgotten Bastards of the Eastern Front offers a bottom-up history of the Grand Alliance itself, showing how it first began to collapse on the airfields of World War II.
Keepers of Memory: The Holocaust and Transgenerational Identity
Keepers of Memory: The Holocaust and Transgenerational Identity: D804.3 .R53 2020
Author(s): Jennifer Rich
Lanham, Maryland : Lexington Books 
Keepers of Memory examines the relationship between history, truth, and memory. Through interviews with children and grandchildren of Holocaust survivors, this book explores the human experience and how inherited memories might influence society in the future.
Allied Internment Camps in Occupied Germany: Extrajudicial Detention in the Name of Denazification, 1945–1950
Allied Internment Camps in Occupied Germany: Extrajudicial Detention in the Name of Denazification, 1945–1950: D805.G3 B397 2020
Author(s): Andrew H. Beattie
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2020.
Examines how all four Allied powers interned alleged Nazis without trial in camps only recently liberated from Nazi control.
The Quest for Security: Sovereignty, Race, and the Defense of the British Empire, 1898–1931
The Quest for Security: Sovereignty, Race, and the Defense of the British Empire, 1898–1931: DA16 .T86 2020
Author(s): Jesse Tumblin
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2020.
Colonial hierarchy and race fueled rapid militarization in the British Empire that shaped the violent course of the twentieth century. This innovative study reveals the colonial backstory of a century that witnessed total war, resulting in new political norms that enthrone 'national security' as the dominating feature of contemporary politics.
The Hanoverian Succession in Great Britain and Its Empire
The Hanoverian Succession in Great Britain and Its Empire: DA499 .H36 2019
Author(s): Brent S. Sirota, Allan I. Macinnes
Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK ; The Boydell Press 2019.
Was the accession of the Hanoverian dynasty of Brunswick to the throne of Britain and its empire in 1714 merely the final act in the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688-89? Many contemporaries and later historians thought so, explaining the succession in the same terms as the earlier revolution - deliverance from the national perils of 'popery and arbitrary government'. By contrast, this book argues that the picture is much more complicated than straightforward continuity between 1688-89 and 1714. Emphasizing the plurality of post-Revolutionary developments, it explores early eighteenth-century Britain in light of the social, political, economic, religious and cultural transformations inaugurated by the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688-1689 and its ensuing settlements in church, state and empire. The revolution of 1688-89 was much more transformative and convulsive than is often assumed; and the book shows that, although the Hanoverian Succession did embody a clear-cut reaffirmation of the core elements of the Revolution settlement - anti-Jacobitism and anti-popery - its impact on various post-Revolutionary developments in Church, state, Union, intellectual culture, international relations, political economy and empire is decidedly less clear. BRENT S. SIROTA is Associate Professor in the Department of History at North Carolina State University. ALLAN I. MACINNES is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Strathclyde. CONTRIBUTORS: James Caudle, Megan Lindsay Cherry, Christopher Dudley, Robert I. Frost, Allan I. Macinnes, Esther Mijers, Steve Pincus, Brent S. Sirota, Abigail L. Swingen, Daniel Szechi, Amy Watson
Churchill's Phoney War
Churchill's Phoney War: DA566.9.C5 C553 2019
Author(s): Graham T. Clews
Annapolis, Maryland : Naval Institute Press 
Given the dearth of scholarship on the Phoney War, this book examines the early months of World War II when Winston Churchill’s ability to lead Britain in the fight against the Nazis was being tested. Graham T. Clews explores how Churchill, as First Lord of the Admiralty, proposed to fight this new world war, with particular attention given to his attempts to impel the Royal Navy, the British War Cabinet, and the French, toward a more aggressive prosecution of the conflict. This is no mere retelling of events but a deep analysis of the decision-making process and Churchill’s unique involvement in it. This book shares extensive new insights into well-trodden territory and original analysis of the unexplored, with each chapter offering material which challenges conventional wisdom. Clews reassesses several important issues of the Phoney War period including: Churchill’s involvement in the anti-U-boat campaign; his responsibility for the failures of the Norwegian Campaign; his attitude to Britain’s aerial bombing campaign and the notion of his unfettered “bulldog” spirit; his relationship with Neville Chamberlain; and his succession to the premiership. A man of considerable strengths and many shortcomings, the Churchill that emerges in Clews’ portrayal is dynamic and complicated. Churchill’s Phoney War adds a well-balanced and much-needed history of the Phoney War while scrupulously examining Churchill’s successes and failures.
Hero of the Empire: The Boer War, a Daring Escape, and the Making of Winston Churchill
Hero of the Empire: The Boer War, a Daring Escape, and the Making of Winston Churchill: DA566.9.C5 M54 2016
Author(s): Candice Millard
New York : Doubleday 
From New York Times bestselling author of Destiny of the Republic and The River of Doubt, a thrilling narrative of Winston Churchill's extraordinary and little-known exploits during the Boer War At age twenty-four, Winston Churchill was utterly convinced it was his destiny to become prime minister of England one day, despite the fact he had just lost his first election campaign for Parliament. He believed that to achieve his goal he must do something spectacular on the battlefield. Despite deliberately putting himself in extreme danger as a British Army officer in colonial wars in India and Sudan, and as a journalist covering a Cuban uprising against the Spanish, glory and fame had eluded him. Churchill arrived in South Africa in 1899, valet and crates of vintage wine in tow, there to cover the brutal colonial war the British were fighting with Boer rebels. But just two weeks after his arrival, the soldiers he was accompanying on an armored train were ambushed, and Churchill was taken prisoner. Remarkably, he pulled off a daring escape--but then had to traverse hundreds of miles of enemy territory, alone, with nothing but a crumpled wad of cash, four slabs of chocolate, and his wits to guide him. The story of his escape is incredible enough, but then Churchill enlisted, returned to South Africa, fought in several battles, and ultimately liberated the men with whom he had been imprisoned. Churchill would later remark that this period, "could I have seen my future, was to lay the foundations of my later life." Millard spins an epic story of bravery, savagery, and chance encounters with a cast of historical characters—including Rudyard Kipling, Lord Kitchener, and Mohandas Gandhi—with whom he would later share the world stage. But Hero of the Empire is more than an adventure story, for the lessons Churchill took from the Boer War would profoundly affect 20th century history. From the Hardcover edition.
Envoys of Abolition: British Naval Officers and the Campaign Against the Slave Trade in West Africa
Envoys of Abolition: British Naval Officers and the Campaign Against the Slave Trade in West Africa: DA88 .W55 2019
Author(s): Mary Wills
Liverpool : Liverpool University Press 2019.
After Britain's Abolition of the Slave Trade Act of 1807, a squadron of Royal Navy vessels was sent to the West Coast of Africa tasked with suppressing the thriving transatlantic slave trade. Drawing on previously unpublished papers found in private collections and various archives in the UK and abroad, this book examines the personal and cultural experiences of the naval officers at the frontline of Britain's anti-slavery campaign in West Africa. It explores their unique roles in this 60-year operation: at sea, boarding slave ships bound for the Americas and 'liberating' captive Africans; on shore, as Britain resolved to 'improve' West African societies; and in the metropolitan debates around slavery and abolitionism in Britain. Their personal narratives are revealing of everyday concerns of health, rewards and strategy, to more profound questions of national honour, cultural encounters, responsibility for the lives of others in the most distressing of circumstances, and the true meaning of 'freedom' for formerly enslaved African peoples. British anti-slavery efforts and imperial agendas were tightly bound in the nineteenth century, inseparable from ideas of national identity. This is a book about individuals tasked with extraordinary service, military men who also worked as guardians, negotiators, and envoys of abolition.
Teaching Representations of the French Revolution
Teaching Representations of the French Revolution: DC148 .T3735 2019
Author(s): Julia Douthwaite Viglione, Antoinette Marie Sol, Catriona Seth
New York : Modern Language Association of America 2019.
"Offers techniques for teaching literature of the French Revolution in college courses, including considerations of the revolution's effects on modern ideas, republicanism and human rights, laïcité, and Charlie Hebdo, along with comparative approaches involving Germany, Greece, Haiti, Italy, Latin America, and Spain. Provides bibliographical resources, a timeline, and filmography"--
Servant of the Crown and Steward of the Church: The Career of Philippe of Cahors
Servant of the Crown and Steward of the Church: The Career of Philippe of Cahors: DC91.6.P45 J67 2020
Author(s): William Chester Jordan
Toronto : University of Toronto Press 2020.
In the thirteenth century, radical reformers - churchmen, devout laywomen and laymen, and secular rulers - undertook herculean efforts aimed at the moral reform of society. No principality was more affected by these impulses than France under its king, Louis IX or "Saint Louis." The monarch surrounded himself with gifted, energetic moralists to carry out his efforts. Servant of the Crown and Steward of the Church explores the career of one of the most influential of King Louis's reformers, Philippe of Cahors. Born into a bourgeois family dwelling on the periphery of the medieval kingdom of France, Philippe rose through the ecclesiastical hierarchy to the office of judge. There he came to the attention of royal administrators, who recommended him for the king's service. He ascended rapidly, and was eventually entrusted with the royal seal, effectively constituting him the chancellor of the kingdom, the highest member of the royal administration. Louis IX secured his election as bishop of Évreux in 1269. Using the records of Philippe's work in Reims, Paris, and Évreux, William Chester Jordan reconstructs his career, providing a fascinating portrait of the successes and failures of reform in the thirteenth century.
20. Juli 1944: Neue Forschungen und Überlegungen in der Geschichtswissenschaft
20. Juli 1944: Neue Forschungen und Überlegungen in der Geschichtswissenschaft: DD256.35 .A185 2019
Author(s): Jörg Hillmann, Peter Lieb
Potsdam : ZMSBw Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr 2019.
Der 20. Juli 1944 ist ein besonderer Tag in der deutschen Militärgeschichte. Offiziere der Wehrmacht wagten einen Staatsstreich gegen die eigene Regierung. Die Motive der Verschwörer mögen im Einzelnen durchaus unterschiedlich gewesen sein, doch fast alle einte sie die Erkenntnis, bisher einem verbrecherischen System gedient zu haben, das Deutschland und die Welt in den Abgrund führte. Der 20. Juli 1944 ist als »Aufstand des Gewissens« tief im Staatsbewusstsein der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Allgemeinen und in der Tradition der Bundeswehr im Speziellen verankert. Der Sammelband basiert vor allem auf den Vorträgen der Jahrestagung der Deutschen Kommission für Militärgeschichte 2018. Er bietet einen Überblick über die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse zum 20. Juli 1944 sowie dessen Rezeption.
After the Berlin Wall: Memory and the Making of the New Germany, 1989 to the Present
After the Berlin Wall: Memory and the Making of the New Germany, 1989 to the Present: DD290.24 .H37 2019
Author(s): Hope M. Harrison
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2019.
The history and meaning of the Berlin Wall remain controversial, even three decades after its fall. Drawing on an extensive range of archival sources and interviews, this book profiles key memory activists who have fought to commemorate the history of the Berlin Wall and examines their role in the creation of a new German national narrative. With victims, perpetrators and heroes, the Berlin Wall has joined the Holocaust as an essential part of German collective memory. Key Wall anniversaries have become signposts marking German views of the past, its relevance to the present, and the complicated project of defining German national identity. Considering multiple German approaches to remembering the Wall via memorials, trials, public ceremonies, films, and music, this revelatory work traces how global memory of the Wall has impacted German memory policy. It depicts the power and fragility of state-backed memory projects, and the potential of such projects to reconcile or divide.
Troy: Beyond the Myth
Troy: Beyond the Myth: DF221.T8 V55 2019
Author(s): Alexandra Villing, Lesley Fitton, Andrew Shapland, Victoria Donnellan
London ; Thames & Hudson 2019.
Troy is familiar to us from the timeless and epic tales of Homer's Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid. These have been retold over the centuries by writers from Chaucer to Shakespeare to Madeline Miller and Rick Riordan, and enacted by stars such as Elizabeth Taylor and Brad Pitt. But how much do we really know about the city of Troy; its storytellers, myth, actual location or legacy? In this richly illustrated book, the story of Troy is told through a new lens. Published to accompany an exhibition at the British Museum, it introduces the storytellers and Classical artists inspired by the myths of Troy, then examines the tales themselves - from the Judgment of Paris to the return of Odysseus - through the Classical objects for which the museum is internationally known. The third section focuses on Heinrich Schliemann's excavations at Hissarlik, introducing the nineteenth-century search for the location of Troy that convinced the world that this city did once exist. Also explored is the possible Bronze Age background for the myth of the Trojan War, the historicity of which remains unresolved today. The final section delves into the legacy of Troy, and the different ways in which its story has been retold, both in literature and art, from Homer to the present day. Focusing on the major characters - Helen of Troy, Achilles and Hector, Aeneas and Odysseus - it illustrates how artists from Cranach and Rubens to Romare Bearden and Cy Twombly have been inspired by this archetypal tale to reflect on contemporary themes of war and heroism, love and beauty.
Stamps on Terra Sigillata Found in Excavations of the Theatre of Aptera, Crete
Stamps on Terra Sigillata Found in Excavations of the Theatre of Aptera, Crete: DF261.C8 B35 2019
Author(s): Martha W. Baldwin Bowsky
Oxford : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd 2019.
Aptera yields more stamped fragments of terra sigillata than any other Cretan city, including Knossos. This book presents stamped fragments of Italian and eastern sigillata found in excavations of the Theatre of Aptera and examines Crete's strategic position amid crossroads of transit and exchange as well as integration into the Roman economy.
Reset in Stone: Memory and Reuse in Ancient Athens
Reset in Stone: Memory and Reuse in Ancient Athens: DF289 .R68 2019
Author(s): Sarah A. Rous
Madison, Wisconsin : The University of Wisconsin Press 
This book examines the various ways ancient Athenians purposefully reused stone artifacts, objects, and buildings in order to shape their own and their descendants' collective ideas about their community's past and its bearing on the present and future. The book introduces the concept of "upcycling" to refer to this intentionally meaningful reuse, where evidence is preserved of an intentionality behind the decision to re-employ a particular object in a particular new context, often with implications for the shared memory of a group. Utilizing archaeological, literary, and epigraphic evidence, this investigation connects seemingly disparate cases of upcycling over eight centuries of Athenian history, treating the city as a continuously evolving cultural community. In establishin g upcycling as a distinct phenomenon of intentionally meaningful reuse, this study offers a process- and agency-focused alternative to the traditional discourses on spolia and reuse, while also making a substantial contribution to the growing field of memory studies by identifying a crucial component within the overall "work of memory" within a community. Through an original interdisciplinary approach, the book illuminates a vital practice through which Athenians shaped social memory in the physical realm, literally building their history into their city.
Greek Democracy and the Junta: Regime Crisis and the Failed Transition of 1973
Greek Democracy and the Junta: Regime Crisis and the Failed Transition of 1973: DF853 .T96 2020
Author(s): Ioannis Tzortzis
London : IBTaris 2020.
During the dictatorship of the Colonels in Greece, there was an attempt at self-transformation into some form of civilian rule in 1973: the so-called 'Markezinis experiment', named after the politician who assumed the task of heading the transition government and lead to elections. It lasted a mere eight weeks, faced heavy opposition from both the opposition elites and the civil society and eventually collapsed by a military hard-liners' coup. This book argues that the failure of the 'Markezinis experiment' paved the way for the actual transition of 1974 as it happened. Using British and American archival resources, as well as unique private archives and personal interviews, the book concludes by briefly seeking to trace some potential alternative paths for the failed self- transformation attempt, and by accounting for the long-term consequences of the failure of the 'Markezinis experiment'.
Mark Aurel: Kaiser, Denker, Kriegsherr
Mark Aurel: Kaiser, Denker, Kriegsherr: DG297 .K85 2019
Author(s): Wolfgang Kuhoff
Stuttgart : Verlag W Kohlhammer 2019.
Marcus Aurelius, einer der bekanntesten römischen Kaiser (161-180), wird häufig als "Philosophenkaiser" eingestuft. Diese Bezeichnung beschränkt sein Wirken aber auf das private Leben, zu dem auch seine Familie zählte. Die öffentliche Tätigkeit war jedoch anders ausgerichtet, denn sie konzentrierte sich einerseits auf das Rechtswesen, andererseits auf die Notwendigkeit, umfängliche Angriffe germanischer und sarmatischer Völkerschaften an der Donaugrenze abzuwehren, die das römische Reich in beträchtliche Gefahr brachten. Das philosophische Werk des Kaisers, die "Selbstbetrachtungen", zählt zweifellos zur Weltliteratur, doch erfuhr es keine systematische Bearbeitung. Daher gilt es die historische Bedeutung dieses Herrschers an seinen politischen Erfolgen zu messen, nicht jedoch an seinen stoisch geprägten philosophischen Gedanken. Diese Einschätzung sucht das Buch zu verdeutlichen.
Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome: Ad 270-535
Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome: Ad 270-535: DG311 .M33 2019
Author(s): Carlos Machado
Oxford ; Oxford University Press 2019.
Between 270 and 535 AD the city of Rome experienced dramatic changes. The once glorious imperial capital was transformed into the much humbler centre of western Christendom in a process that redefined its political importance, size, and identity. Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome examines these transformations by focusing on the city's powerful elite, the senatorial aristocracy, and exploring their involvement in a process of urban change that would mark the end of the ancient world and the birth of the Middle Ages in the eyes of contemporaries and modern scholars. It argues that the late antique history of Rome cannot be described as merely a product of decline; instead, it was a product of the dynamic social and cultural forces that made the city relevant at a time of unprecedented historical changes. Combining the city's unique literary, epigraphic, and archaeological record, the volume offers a detailed examination of aspects of city life as diverse as its administration, public building, rituals, housing, and religious life to show how the late Roman aristocracy gave a new shape and meaning to urban space, identifying itself with the largest city in the Mediterranean world to an extent unparalleled since the end of the Republican period.
From Peoples Into Nations: A History of Eastern Europe
From Peoples Into Nations: A History of Eastern Europe: DJK38 .C64 2020
Author(s): John Connelly
Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press 
"This book is a history of East Central Europe since the late eighteenth century, the region of Europe between German central Europe and Russia in the East. Connelly argues the region, for which it is frequently hard to define exact boundaries and which is sometimes treated country-by-country in a way seemingly separate from the broader trends of European history, was one of shared experience despite most of the peoples being divided by linguistic, geographic, and political barriers. Beginning in the 1780s, an unwitting Habsburg monarch -- Joseph II -- decreed that his subjects would use only German, as he hoped to mould a common nationality using German over the disparate subjects. Instead, he unleashed the energies and struggle for the emergence of new nations that pitted small peoples armed with an idea against empires. The author argues that the underlying national self-assertion which emerged under imperial rule in the eighteen and nineteenth centuries shows deep connections to subsequent histories, to the creation of nation states of the regions after World War I, the failure of democratic rule in these states during the interwar years, the submersion of the region under Nazi then Soviet rule after 1939, and to the reinvention of sovereign states (and then the break up of two of them) after 1989. The book interconnects major themes and country histories for first time, chronicling this diverse region over many generations, from the time of Joseph, through democratic and socialist revolutions, genocide and Stalinism, through civil society movements struggling for liberal democracy, into our own day, when illiberal politicians come to power by exploiting very old fears"--
Woodrow Wilson and the Reimagining of Eastern Europe
Woodrow Wilson and the Reimagining of Eastern Europe: DJK45.U6 W65 2020
Author(s): Larry Wolff
Stanford, California : Stanford University Press 
This book, published in conjunction with the hundredth anniversary of the Paris Peace Conference, traces President Woodrow Wilson's evolving thinking about the principle of national self-determination by closely examining his approach to the remapping of Eastern Europe in the aftermath of World War One.
1989: A Global History of Eastern Europe
1989: A Global History of Eastern Europe: DJK51 .J36 2019
Author(s): James Mark, Bogdan C. Iacob, Tobias Rupprecht, Ljubica Spaskovska
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2019.
The collapse of the Berlin Wall has come to represent the entry of an isolated region onto the global stage. On the contrary, this study argues that communist states had in fact long been shapers of an interconnecting world, with '1989' instead marking a choice by local elites about the form that globalisation should take. Published to coincide with the thirtieth anniversary of the 1989 revolutions, this work draws on material from local archives to international institutions to explore the place of Eastern Europe in the emergence, since the 1970s, of a new world order that combined neoliberal economics and liberal democracy with increasingly bordered civilisational, racial and religious identities. An original and wide-ranging history, it explores the importance of the region's links to the West, East Asia, Africa, and Latin America in this global transformation, reclaiming the era's other visions such as socialist democracy or authoritarian modernisation which had been lost in triumphalist histories of market liberalism.
Writing History in Late Imperial Russia: Scholarship and the Literary Canon
Writing History in Late Imperial Russia: Scholarship and the Literary Canon: DK38 .N48 2020
Author(s): Frances Nethercott
London : Bloomsbury Academic 2020.
It is commonly held that a strict divide between literature and history emerged in the 19th century, with the latter evolving into a more serious disciple of rigorous science. Yet, in turning to works of historical writing during late Imperial Russia, Frances Nethercott reveals how this was not so; rather, she argues, fiction, lyric poetry, and sometimes even the lives of artists, consistently and significantly shaped historical enquiry. Grounding its analysis in the works of historians Timofei Granovskii, Vasilii Klyuchevskii, and Ivan Grevs, Writing History in Late Imperial Russia explores how Russian thinkers--being sensitive to the social, cultural, and psychological resonances of creative writing--drew on the literary canon as a valuable resource for understanding the past. The result is a novel and nuanced discussion of the influences of literature on the development of Russian historiography, which shines new light on late Imperial attitudes to historical investigation and considers the legacy of such historical practice on Russia today.
Courage and Fear
Courage and Fear: DK508.95.L86 H6313 2019
Author(s): Ola Hnatiuk
Brighton Academic Studies Press 2019.
Courage and Fear is a meticulously documented study of Lviv's intelligentsia during the Second World War, as the Soviet and German occupations obliterate the intricate social fabric of the city. This micro-history is told from the perspective of individuals, whose stories lost out to grand national narratives.
Between Two Fires: Truth, Ambition, and Compromise in Putin's Russia
Between Two Fires: Truth, Ambition, and Compromise in Putin's Russia: DK510.766.P87 Y34 2020
Author(s): Joshua Yaffa
New York : Tim Duggan Books 
From a leading journalist in Moscow and correspondent for The New Yorker, a groundbreaking portrait of modern Russia and the inner struggles of the people who sustain Vladimir Putin’s rule In this rich and novelistic tour of contemporary Russia, Joshua Yaffa introduces readers to some of the country’s most remarkable figures—from politicians and entrepreneurs to artists and historians—who have built their careers and constructed their identities in the shadow of the Putin system. Torn between their own ambitions and the omnipresent demands of the state, each walks an individual path of compromise. Some muster cunning and cynicism to extract all manner of benefits and privileges from those in power. Others, finding themselves to be less adept, are left broken and demoralized. What binds them together is the tangled web of dilemmas and contradictions they face. Between Two Fires chronicles the lives of a number of strivers who understand that their dreams are best—or only—realized through varying degrees of cooperation with the Russian government. With sensitivity and depth, Yaffa profiles the director of the country’s main television channel, an Orthodox priest at war with the church hierarchy, a Chechen humanitarian who turns a blind eye to persecutions, and many others. The result is an intimate and probing portrait of a nation that is much discussed yet little understood. By showing how citizens shape their lives around the demands of a capricious and oftentimes repressive state—as often by choice as under threat of force— Yaffa offers urgent lessons about the true nature of modern authoritarianism.
The Road to Madrid: Diary of Donald Gallie, Member of the Scottish Medical Aid Unit, Serving in the Spanish Civil War, SeptemberDecember 1936
The Road to Madrid: Diary of Donald Gallie, Member of the Scottish Medical Aid Unit, Serving in the Spanish Civil War, SeptemberDecember 1936: DP269.7 .G35 2019
Author(s): Nina Stevens
Eastbourne : Independent Publishers Group; Sussex Academic Press 2019.
When a failed right-wing military coup provoked civil war in Spain, in July 1936, the Span¬ish government made a worldwide plea for help. In Britain, Aid Spanish Committees sprang up nationwide. Nowhere was empathy more keenly felt for the working people of Spain than among the people of Glasgow, which became the hub of the Scottish Aid for Spain movement. Glasgow was also home to an enterprise which was to make a significant contribution to the Spanish Republic - the Scottish Ambulance Unit (SAU). The Unit was the brainchild of a wealthy Glaswegian philanthropist, Sir Daniel Macaulay Stevenson (1851-1944). The Unit's valiant and tireless work soon earned it an excellent reputation amongRepubli¬can forces and as news of its remarkable work spread, volunteers became affectionately known as Los Brujos - The Wizards. However, the off-duty activities of some of the SAU's members earned it an altogether different kind of reputation, and the Unit was soon to become immersed in scandal which tarnished its good name. Donald Gallie was a member of the first SAU team to arrive in Madrid (there would be three successive expeditions). He was 24 years old when Civil War broke out. His family shared a strong sense of commitment, and this, together with Donald's love of travel and adventure, is what impelled him to volunteer for service. His skills as mechanic would prove invaluable in the aid and transport given to casualties. His Diary is a remarkable document, and its publication a significant event in the historiography of the Spanish Civil War.
My Mother, That Stranger: Letters from the Spanish Civil War
My Mother, That Stranger: Letters from the Spanish Civil War: DP269.8.W7 A53 2019
Author(s): Concha Alborg
Brighton : Sussex Academic Press 2019.
Over eight-hundred letters were written between the author's newly-engaged parents during the time that her father was on the Republican war front fighting against Franco's forces, and her mother awaiting the end of the war. Her father, Professor Juan Luis Alborg, would live to become a well-known literary historian and critic. Her mother's life, on the other hand, was overshadowed by her husband's academic celebrity. The letters were discovered whilst preparing for a symposium marking the centenary of her father's birth, celebrated at the University of Malaga in 2014. This unique memoir is a microhistory of the Spanish Civil War at an individual level; it illuminates the 'official story' as told in history books at multiple levels. Her mother's personal narrative adds to the understanding of this significant time because she shows how a family lived in the midst of war. A primary relevance is that she lived in Valencia, which in November 1936 become the official capital of the Republican government. Working in a government co-op gave her an insider's view of the ongoing political and military situation. She describes the contrasting burdens between family life in Valencia, and the life of her fiancé soldier on the southern frontlines. The author's mother is exemplary of the women who were formed under the liberal Second Spanish Republic (1931-39) only to be silenced during Franco's repressive dictatorship (1939-75). The long-lost letters made Concha Alborg realize how little she understood her mother's passion to set down complex feelings in the most difficult of circumstances. My Mother, that Stranger will be of interest to Hispanists, historians and literary critics for its uniqueness on the epistolary genre and gender studies, and to the general public as a heartfelt family memoir.
Jews and Muslims in Contemporary Spain: Redefining National Boundaries
Jews and Muslims in Contemporary Spain: Redefining National Boundaries: DP52 .W45 2019
Author(s): Martina L. Weisz
Berlin ; Walter de Gruyter GmbH; Walter de Gruyter 
The book analyzes the place of religious difference in late modernity through a study of the role played by Jews and Muslims in the construction of contemporary Spanish national identity. The focus is on the transition from an exclusive, homogeneous sense of collective Self toward a more pluralistic, open and tolerant one in an European context. This process is approached from different dimensions. At the national level, it follows the changes in nationalist historiography, the education system and the public debates on national identity. At the international level, it tackles the problem from the perspective of Spanish foreign policy towards Israel and the Arab-Muslim states in a changing global context. From the social-communicational point of view, the emphasis is on the construction of the Self-Other dichotomy (with Jewish and Muslim others) as reflected in the three leading Spanish newspapers.
Palestine on the Air
Palestine on the Air: DS113.7 .C53 2019
Author(s): Karma R. Chavez
Urbana : University of Illinois Press 
Few doubt the pro-Israel bias of the Western media. It takes the form of overtly supporting Israel's government policies, or of maintaining neutrality or silence on issues of Israeli violence, occupation, and settlement expansion. Scholar and activist Karma R. Chávez collects eleven interviews that allow dissenting voices a forum to provide rarely heard perspectives on the Palestinian struggle for justice, land, and self-determination.This volume in the Common Threads series is a supplement to the Journal of Civil and Human Rights. The conversations within took place on a radio program Chávez hosted from 2013-16. There, journalists, activists, academic figures, authors, and Palestinian citizens of Israel shared a wide range of thoughts and experiences. Participants covered topics that include: everyday life for Palestinians in the West Bank and in Israel; the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement that arose in response to Israel's ongoing actions; the Steven Salaita controversy at the University of Illinois; the pro-Palestine social movement on college campuses; Israel's pinkwashing of human rights abuses; the aftermath of the 2014 attack on Gaza; and Chávez's 2015 visit to the West Bank.
We are Not Only English Jews--we are Jewish Englishmen: The Making of an Anglo-Jewish Identity, 1840-1880
We are Not Only English Jews--we are Jewish Englishmen: The Making of an Anglo-Jewish Identity, 1840-1880: DS135.E5 A523 2019
Author(s): Sara Abosch-Jacobson
Brookline, MA : Academic Studies Press 
Between 1840 and 1880, a mature, increasingly comfortable, native-born Jewish community emerged and matured in London. The history of this community and the ways it developed are explored in this volume using archival and also contemporary advertising material that appeared in the Jewish Chronicle and other Anglo-Jewish newspapers in these years.
Theodor Herzl - the Charismatic Leader
Theodor Herzl - the Charismatic Leader: DS151.H4 P45 2020
Author(s): Derek Jonathan Penslar
New Haven : Yale University Press 
From an eminent historian of Zionism comes a masterful new biography of Theodor Herzl
Intervention Narratives: Afghanistan, the United States, and the Global War on Terror
Intervention Narratives: Afghanistan, the United States, and the Global War on Terror: DS371.412 .B67 2020
Author(s): Purnima Bose
New Brunswick : Rutgers University Press 2020.
Intervention Narratives examines the contradictory cultural representations of the US intervention in Afghanistan that help to justify an imperial foreign policy. These narratives involve projecting Afghans as brave anti-communist warriors who suffered the consequences of American disengagement with the region following the end of the Cold War, as victimized women who can be empowered through enterprise, as innocent dogs who need to be saved by US soldiers, and as terrorists who deserve punishment for 9/11. Given that much of public political life now involves affect rather than knowledge, feelings rather than facts, familiar recurring tropes of heroism, terrorism, entrepreneurship, and canine love make the war easier to comprehend and elicit sympathy for US military forces. An indictment of US policy, Bose demonstrates that contemporary imperialism operates on an ideologically diverse cultural terrain to enlist support for the war across the political spectrum.
The Diary of Manu Gandhi: 1943-1944
The Diary of Manu Gandhi: 1943-1944: DS481.G3 A3 2019
Author(s): Tridip Suhrud
New Delhi : Oxford University Press 2019.
The Diary of Manu Gandhi, is a collection of entries spanning two volumes. Written by a young Manubehn Gandhi, it is a record of her life and times with M.K Gandhi between the years 1943 and 48. Manu Gandhi joined Gandhi's entourage in 1943 as an aide to his ailing wife Kasturba in the Aga Khan Palace prison and remained with him and his family until his assassination. Through this period she recorded her experiences with M.K Gandhi through meticulous and intimate entries in her diary. These diaries are unlike other diaries from Gandhi's companions in that they were shown to him daily and he signed on the entries to authenticate them. More than 60 years after his death, these diaries are now some of the most important accounts of his life, his ideology, his popularity and his intimate relationships with his family, his physician, and his associates.
Rise of the Brao: Ethnic Minorities in Northeastern Cambodia During Vietnamese Occupation
Rise of the Brao: Ethnic Minorities in Northeastern Cambodia During Vietnamese Occupation: DS554.46.B78 B35 2020
Author(s): Ian G. Baird
Madison, Wisconsin : The University of Wisconsin Press 
"In late 1978 Vietnam invaded Cambodia, removed the Khmer Rouge dictatorship from power, and proceeded to occupy the country for another ten years. Most Cambodians remember these years as a time of further repression. This book tells another side of the story. To the ethnic minority known as the Brao, the Vietnamese occupation was a golden age. Several years earlier, thousands of Brao had defected from the Khmer Rouge and had begun military training in Vietnam. Most of them spoke Khmer poorly and indeed were scarcely literate. After the invasion, the Vietnamese installed trusted Brao in positions of authority within the new regime. For these and some other ethnic minorities, the occupation opened doors to educational and career opportunities unheard of before--and soon lost after Vietnam left the country in 1989. This study is an ethnohistory, one that emphasizes the important political events that influenced the ethnic Brao Amba. By focusing on how the Brao ethnic group became the biggest "winner" of Cambodia's Vietnamese "liberation," Baird presents a broad overview of events that are crucial for developing more nuanced and regional perspectives of the PRK period. Because most histories of Cambodia have focused on the national scale, voices outside of mainstream Cambodia have been too frequently omitted from the official record. While these works have made important scholarly contributions, we need to begin to pay more attention to particular geographical areas in Cambodia, whether provinces, districts, communes or regions, defined in various ways. This book challenges others to also think of histories in Cambodia from regional perspectives"--
The Unimagined Community: Imperialism and Culture in South Vietnam
The Unimagined Community: Imperialism and Culture in South Vietnam: DS556.9 .N48 2019
Author(s): Duy Lap Nguyen
Manchester : Manchester University Press 
The unimagined community presents a wide-ranging study of South Vietnemese culture, from political philosophy and psychological warfare to popular culture and film. The book pursues the provocative claim that in its early phase the conflict was not an anti-communist crusade, but a struggle between two different forms of anticolonial communism.
In That Time: Michael O'Donnell and the Tragic Era of Vietnam
In That Time: Michael O'Donnell and the Tragic Era of Vietnam: DS558.8 .W45 2019
Author(s): Daniel H. Weiss
New York : PublicAffairs 2019.
Through the story of the brief, brave life of a promising poet, the president and CEO of New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art evokes the turmoil and tragedy of the Vietnam War era. In That Time tells the story of the American experience in Vietnam through the life of Michael O'Donnell, a bright young musician and poet who served as a soldier and helicopter pilot. O'Donnell wrote with great sensitivity and poetic force, and his best-known poem is among the most beloved of the war. In 1970, during an attempt to rescue fellow soldiers stranded under heavy fire, O'Donnell's helicopter was shot down in the jungles of Cambodia. He remained missing in action for almost three decades. Although he never fired a shot in Vietnam, O'Donnell served in one of the most dangerous roles of the war, all the while using poetry to express his inner feelings and to reflect on the tragedy that was unfolding around him. O'Donnell's life is both a powerful, personal story and a compelling, universal one about how America lost its way in the 1960s, but also how hope can flower in the margins of even the darkest chapters of the American story.
The Yan Family
The Yan Family: DS776 .Y3413 2020
Author(s): Lan Yan
New York : Harper 2020.
Through the sweeping cultural and historical transformations of China, entrepreneur Lan Yan traces her family's history through early 20th Century to present day. The history of the Yan family is inseparable from the history of China over the last century. One of the most influential businesswomen of China today, Lan Yan grew up in the company of the country's powerful elite, including Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, and other top leaders. Her grandfather, Yan Baohang, originally a nationalist and close to Chiang Kai-shek and his wife, Soong May-ling, later joined the communists and worked as a secret agent for Zhou Enlai during World War II. Lan's parents were diplomats, and her father, Yan Mingfu, was Mao's personal Russian translator. Inspite of their elevated status, the Yan's family life was turned upside down by the Cultural Revolution. One night in 1967, in front of a terrified ten-year-old Lan, Red Guards burst into the family home and arrested her grandfather. Days later, her father was arrested, accused of spying for the Soviet Union. Her mother, Wu Keliang, was branded a counter-revolutionary and forced to go with her daughter to a re-education camp for more than seven years, where Lan came of age as a high school student. In recounting her family history, Lan Yan brings to life a century of Chinese history from the last emperor to present day, including the Cultural Revolution which tore her childhood apart. The little girl who was crushed by the Cultural Revolution has become one of the most active businesswomen in her country. In telling her and her family's story, she serves up an intimate account of the history of contemporary China.
State Formation in China and Taiwan: Bureaucracy, Campaign, and Performance
State Formation in China and Taiwan: Bureaucracy, Campaign, and Performance: DS777.75 .S775 2020
Author(s): Julia C. Strauss
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2020.
This is an ambitious comparative study of regime consolidation in the 'revolutionary' People's Republic of China and the 'conservative' Republic of China (Taiwan) in the years following the communist victory against the nationalists on the Chinese mainland in 1949. Julia C. Strauss argues that accounting for these two variants of the Chinese state solely in terms of their divergent ideology and institutions fails to recognise their similarities and their relative successes. Both, after all, emerged from a common background of Leninist party organization amid civil war and foreign invasion. However, by the mid-1950s they were on clearly different trajectories of state-building and development. Focusing on Sunan and Taiwan, Strauss considers state personnel, the use of terror and land reform to explore the evolution of these revolutionary and conservative regimes between 1949 and 1954. In so doing, she sheds important new light on twentieth-century political change in East Asia, deepening our understanding of state formation.
The Syrian Revolution: Between the Politics of Life and the Geopolitics of Death
The Syrian Revolution: Between the Politics of Life and the Geopolitics of Death: DS98.6 .M86 2020
Author(s): Yasser Munif
London : Pluto Press 2020.
A contemporary history of political violence and grassroots struggles in Syria since 2011
Symbolism and Folk Imagery in Early Egyptian Political Caricatures: The Wafd Election Campaign, 1920-1923
Symbolism and Folk Imagery in Early Egyptian Political Caricatures: The Wafd Election Campaign, 1920-1923: DT107.8 .C325 2019
Author(s): Byron Cannon
Salt Lake City : The University of Utah Press 
"This impressive work successfully combines two genres. It serves as a collection catalogue of hitherto largely unknown graphic images of great historical value, and it offers an analytical history based on those images which enriches our understanding of the politics, culture, and society of early 20th century Egypt, all effectively situated in global context"--Provided by publisher.
The Big Gamble: The Migration of Eritreans to Europe
The Big Gamble: The Migration of Eritreans to Europe: DT16.5 .B44 2019
Author(s): Milena Belloni
Oakland, California : University of California Press 
A free open access ebook is available upon publication. Learn more at www.luminosoa.org. Tens of thousands of Eritreans make perilous voyages across Africa and the Mediterranean Sea every year. Why do they risk their lives to reach European countries where so many more hardships await them? By visiting family homes in Eritrea and living with refugees in camps and urban peripheries across Ethiopia, Sudan, and Italy, Milena Belloni untangles the reasons behind one of the most under-researched refugee populations today. Balancing encounters with refugees and their families, smugglers, and visa officers, The Big Gamble contributes to ongoing debates about blurred boundaries between forced and voluntary migration, the complications of transnational marriages, the social matrix of smuggling, and the role of family expectations, emotions, and values in migrants’ choices of destinations.
Power and the Presidency in Kenya: The Jomo Kenyatta Years
Power and the Presidency in Kenya: The Jomo Kenyatta Years: DT433.583 .A64 2020
Author(s): Anaïs Angelo
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2020.
The first study to use Jomo Kenyatta's political biography and presidency as a basis for examining the colonial and postcolonial history of Kenya.
Other new African, Asian, and European History books
- A house in the mountains : the women who liberated Italy from fascism / Moorehead, Caroline author.: D802.I8 M66 2020
- Versailles revival : 1867-1937 / : DC801.V57 V37 2019
- Spione im Zentrum der Macht : wie die Stasi alle Regierungen seit Adenauer bespitzelt hat / Schwan, Heribert author.: DD257.2 .S39 2019
- Der Briefwechsel, 1953-1983 : und weitere Materialien / Koselleck, Reinhart, author.: DD86.7.K65 A4 2019
- My war criminal : personal encounters with an architect of genocide / Stern, Jessica, 1958- author.: DR1313.7.A85 S75 2020
- Cross-cultural exchange and the colonial imaginary : global encounters via Southeast Asia / : DS523.2 .C76 2019
- Supplementary index to Giles' Chinese biographical dictionary / Gillis, I. V. 1875-1948. (Irvin Van Gorder),: DS734 .G47 1978 Index