February New Classics books
Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture
Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture: B187.O84 D45 2019
Author(s): Filippo Del Lucchese
Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press 
Reveals monstrosity to be a central conceptual challenge in every ancient Greek and Roman philosophical system Amazons and giants, snakes and gorgons, centaurs and gryphons: monsters abounded in ancient culture. They raise enduring philosophical questions: about chaos and order; about divinity and perversion; about meaning and purpose; about the hierarchy of nature or its absence. Del Lucchese grapples with the concept of monstrosity, showing how ancient philosophers explored metaphysics, ontology, theology and politics to respond to the challenge of radical otherness in nature and in thought. Each chapter explores the emergence of monstrosity in a set of authors and theories. In chapter 1, monsters rise as the challenging adversaries of the new gods of the early cosmogonies. But they can also be powerful productive forces that support building the new order or ambiguous characters that catalyse the unfolding of the tragic universe. In chapter 2, the Pre-Platonic systems of Anaxagoras, Empedocle and Democritus pave the way for the recognition of the philosophical status of monstrosity. This status becomes central in Attic philosophy, first with Plato's mythological monstrosities and then with the construction of a hierarchical structure of the universe: taken up in chapter 3. Chapter 4 focuses on Aristotle's study of physical monstrosity and its role within his metaphysical and aetiological framework. Chapters 5 to 7 deal with the extraordinarily elaborate responses to Attic philosophy by the major Hellenistic systems: Epicureanism, Stoicism and Scepticism. The final chapter looks at the Middle and Neoplatonist response to Hellenism and explores the richness of late-antiquity's reflection on monstrosity up to its absorption and reworking by early Christian thought.
The Stoics on Lekta: All There Is to Say
The Stoics on Lekta: All There Is to Say: B528 .B76 2019
Author(s): Ada Bronowski
Oxford, United Kingdom ; Oxford University Press 2019.
After Plato's Forms, and Aristotle's substances, the Stoics posited the fundamental reality of lekta - the meanings of sentences, distinct from the sentences themselves. This is the first time in the tradition of Western philosophy that what is signified is properly distinguished from signs and signifiers. The Stoics on Lekta offers a synoptic treatment of the many implications of this distinction, which grants an existential autonomy to lekta: language can only ever express meanings, but what happens to meanings which are there, ready to be said, but which are never actually expressed? It analyses the deep shift in ontological paradigm required by the presence of lekta in reality, and reveals a truly unique, complex, and consistent cosmic view in which lekta are the keystones of the structure of reality. According to this view, we cannot not speak or think in terms of lekta, and for this reason, they are in fact all there is to say. The Stoics' position ignited many fiery debates in antiquity and continues to do so in the modern era: they were the first to be concerned with questions about language and grammar, and the first to put the relation of language to reality at the heart of the enquiry into human understanding and the place of man in the cosmos. Such questions remain central to life and philosophy to this day, and by explicitly comparing and contrasting the themes and topics discussed to twentieth-century treatments of the status of the proposition, propositional structure, speech act theory, and the relation of attribution of the predicate to a subject-term, this volume seeks to demonstrate the enduring value of a direct Stoic contribution to the contemporary debate.
Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, 350-450
Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, 350-450: BL805 .K34 2020
Author(s): Maijastina Kahlos
New York, NY : Oxford University Press 
Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity reconsiders the religious history of the late Roman Empire, focusing on the shifting position of dissenting religious groups - conventionally called "pagans" and "heretics". The period from the mid-fourth century until the mid-fifth century CE witnessed asignificant transformation of late Roman society and a gradual shift from the world of polytheistic religions into the Christian Empire.This book challenges the many straightforward melodramatic narratives of the Christianisation of the Roman Empire, still prevalent both in academic research and in popular non-fiction works. Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity demonstrates that the narrative is much more nuanced than the simpleChristian triumph over the classical world. It looks at everyday life, economic aspects, day-to-day practices, and conflicts of interest in the relations of religious groups.Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity addresses two aspects: rhetoric and realities, and consequently, delves into the interplay between the manifest ideologies and daily life found in late antique sources. It is a detailed analysis of selected themes and a close reading of selected texts, tracing keyelements and developments in the treatment of dissident religious groups. The book focuses on specific themes, such as the limits of imperial legislation and ecclesiastical control, the end of sacrifices, and the label of magic. Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity examines the ways in whichdissident religious groups were construed as religious outsiders, but also explores local rituals and beliefs in late Roman society as creative applications and expressions of the infinite range of human inventiveness.
Troy: Beyond the Myth
Troy: Beyond the Myth: DF221.T8 V55 2019
Author(s): Alexandra Villing, Lesley Fitton, Andrew Shapland, Victoria Donnellan
London ; Thames & Hudson 2019.
Troy is familiar to us from the timeless and epic tales of Homer's Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid. These have been retold over the centuries by writers from Chaucer to Shakespeare to Madeline Miller and Rick Riordan, and enacted by stars such as Elizabeth Taylor and Brad Pitt. But how much do we really know about the city of Troy; its storytellers, myth, actual location or legacy? In this richly illustrated book, the story of Troy is told through a new lens. Published to accompany an exhibition at the British Museum, it introduces the storytellers and Classical artists inspired by the myths of Troy, then examines the tales themselves - from the Judgment of Paris to the return of Odysseus - through the Classical objects for which the museum is internationally known. The third section focuses on Heinrich Schliemann's excavations at Hissarlik, introducing the nineteenth-century search for the location of Troy that convinced the world that this city did once exist. Also explored is the possible Bronze Age background for the myth of the Trojan War, the historicity of which remains unresolved today. The final section delves into the legacy of Troy, and the different ways in which its story has been retold, both in literature and art, from Homer to the present day. Focusing on the major characters - Helen of Troy, Achilles and Hector, Aeneas and Odysseus - it illustrates how artists from Cranach and Rubens to Romare Bearden and Cy Twombly have been inspired by this archetypal tale to reflect on contemporary themes of war and heroism, love and beauty.
Stamps on Terra Sigillata Found in Excavations of the Theatre of Aptera, Crete
Stamps on Terra Sigillata Found in Excavations of the Theatre of Aptera, Crete: DF261.C8 B35 2019
Author(s): Martha W. Baldwin Bowsky
Oxford : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd 2019.
Aptera yields more stamped fragments of terra sigillata than any other Cretan city, including Knossos. This book presents stamped fragments of Italian and eastern sigillata found in excavations of the Theatre of Aptera and examines Crete's strategic position amid crossroads of transit and exchange as well as integration into the Roman economy.
Reset in Stone: Memory and Reuse in Ancient Athens
Reset in Stone: Memory and Reuse in Ancient Athens: DF289 .R68 2019
Author(s): Sarah A. Rous
Madison, Wisconsin : The University of Wisconsin Press 
This book examines the various ways ancient Athenians purposefully reused stone artifacts, objects, and buildings in order to shape their own and their descendants' collective ideas about their community's past and its bearing on the present and future. The book introduces the concept of "upcycling" to refer to this intentionally meaningful reuse, where evidence is preserved of an intentionality behind the decision to re-employ a particular object in a particular new context, often with implications for the shared memory of a group. Utilizing archaeological, literary, and epigraphic evidence, this investigation connects seemingly disparate cases of upcycling over eight centuries of Athenian history, treating the city as a continuously evolving cultural community. In establishin g upcycling as a distinct phenomenon of intentionally meaningful reuse, this study offers a process- and agency-focused alternative to the traditional discourses on spolia and reuse, while also making a substantial contribution to the growing field of memory studies by identifying a crucial component within the overall "work of memory" within a community. Through an original interdisciplinary approach, the book illuminates a vital practice through which Athenians shaped social memory in the physical realm, literally building their history into their city.
Mark Aurel: Kaiser, Denker, Kriegsherr
Mark Aurel: Kaiser, Denker, Kriegsherr: DG297 .K85 2019
Author(s): Wolfgang Kuhoff
Stuttgart : Verlag W Kohlhammer 2019.
Marcus Aurelius, einer der bekanntesten römischen Kaiser (161-180), wird häufig als "Philosophenkaiser" eingestuft. Diese Bezeichnung beschränkt sein Wirken aber auf das private Leben, zu dem auch seine Familie zählte. Die öffentliche Tätigkeit war jedoch anders ausgerichtet, denn sie konzentrierte sich einerseits auf das Rechtswesen, andererseits auf die Notwendigkeit, umfängliche Angriffe germanischer und sarmatischer Völkerschaften an der Donaugrenze abzuwehren, die das römische Reich in beträchtliche Gefahr brachten. Das philosophische Werk des Kaisers, die "Selbstbetrachtungen", zählt zweifellos zur Weltliteratur, doch erfuhr es keine systematische Bearbeitung. Daher gilt es die historische Bedeutung dieses Herrschers an seinen politischen Erfolgen zu messen, nicht jedoch an seinen stoisch geprägten philosophischen Gedanken. Diese Einschätzung sucht das Buch zu verdeutlichen.
Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome: Ad 270-535
Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome: Ad 270-535: DG311 .M33 2019
Author(s): Carlos Machado
Oxford ; Oxford University Press 2019.
Between 270 and 535 AD the city of Rome experienced dramatic changes. The once glorious imperial capital was transformed into the much humbler centre of western Christendom in a process that redefined its political importance, size, and identity. Urban Space and Aristocratic Power in Late Antique Rome examines these transformations by focusing on the city's powerful elite, the senatorial aristocracy, and exploring their involvement in a process of urban change that would mark the end of the ancient world and the birth of the Middle Ages in the eyes of contemporaries and modern scholars. It argues that the late antique history of Rome cannot be described as merely a product of decline; instead, it was a product of the dynamic social and cultural forces that made the city relevant at a time of unprecedented historical changes. Combining the city's unique literary, epigraphic, and archaeological record, the volume offers a detailed examination of aspects of city life as diverse as its administration, public building, rituals, housing, and religious life to show how the late Roman aristocracy gave a new shape and meaning to urban space, identifying itself with the largest city in the Mediterranean world to an extent unparalleled since the end of the Republican period.
Making and Rethinking the Renaissance: Between Greek and Latin in 15th-16th Century Europe
Making and Rethinking the Renaissance: Between Greek and Latin in 15th-16th Century Europe: PA57 .M35 2019
Author(s): Giancarlo Abbamonte, Stephen Harrison
Berlin : De Gruyter 
The purpose of this volume is to investigate the crucial role played by the return of knowledge of Greek in the transformation of European culture, both through the translation of texts, and through the direct study of the language. It aims to collect and organize in one database all the digitalised versions of the first editions of Greek grammars, lexica and school texts available in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries, between two crucial dates: the start of Chrysoloras’s teaching in Florence (c. 1397) and the end of the activity of Aldo Manuzio and Andrea Asolano in Venice (c. 1529). This is the first step in a major investigation into the knowledge of Greek and its dissemination in Western Europe: the selection of the texts and the first milestones in teaching methods were put together in that period, through the work of scholars like Chrysoloras, Guarino and many others. A remarkable role was played also by the men involved in the Council of Ferrara (1438-39), where there was a large circulation of Greek books and ideas. About ten years later, Giovanni Tortelli, together with Pope Nicholas V, took the first steps in founding the Vatican Library. Research into the return of the knowledge of Greek to Western Europe has suffered for a long time from the lack of intersection of skills and fields of research: to fully understand this phenomenon, one has to go back a very long way through the tradition of the texts and their reception in contexts as different as the Middle Ages and the beginning of Renaissance humanism. However, over the past thirty years, scholars have demonstrated the crucial role played by the return of knowledge of Greek in the transformation of European culture, both through the translation of texts, and through the direct study of the language. In addition, the actual translations from Greek into Latin remain poorly studied and a clear understanding of the intellectual and cultural contexts that produced them is lacking. In the Middle Ages the knowledge of Greek was limited to isolated areas that had no reciprocal links. As had happened to many Latin authors, all Greek literature was rather neglected, perhaps because a number of philosophical texts had already been available in translation from the seventh century AD, or because of a sense of mistrust, due to their ethnic and religious differences. Between the 12th and 14th century AD, a change is perceptible: the sharp decrease in Greek texts and knowledge in the South of Italy, once a reference-point for this kind of study, was perhaps an important reason prompting Italian humanists to go and study Greek in Constantinople. Over the past thirty years it has become evident to scholars that humanism, through the re-appreciation of classical antiquity, created a bridge to the modern era, which also includes the Middle Ages. The criticism by the humanists of medieval authors did not prevent them from using a number of tools that the Middle Ages had developed or synthesized: glossaries, epitomes, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, translations, commentaries. At present one thing that is missing, however, is a systematic study of the tools used for the study of Greek between the 15th and 16th century; this is truly important, because, in the following centuries, Greek culture provided the basis of European thought in all the most important fields of knowledge. This volume seeks to supply that gap.
Classical Literature and Posthumanism
Classical Literature and Posthumanism: PA3009 .C54 2020
London, UK ; Bloomsbury Academic 2020.
The subject of the posthuman, of what it means to be or to cease to be human, is emerging as a shared point of debate at large in the natural and social sciences and the humanities. This volume asks what classical learning can bring to the table of posthuman studies, assembling chapters that explore how exactly the human self of Greek and Latin literature understands its own relation to animals, monsters, objects, cyborgs and robotic devices. With its widely diverse habitat of heterogeneous bodies, minds, and selves, classical literature again and again blurs the boundaries between the human and the non-human; not to equate and confound the human with its other, but playfully to highlight difference and hybridity, as an invitation to appraise the animal, monstrous or mechanical/machinic parts lodged within humans. This comprehensive collection unites contributors from across the globe, each delving into a different classical text or narrative and its configuration of human subjectivity-how human selves relate to other entities around them. For students and scholars of classical literature and the posthuman, this book is a first point of reference.
Greek Praise Poetry and the Rhetoric of Divinity
Greek Praise Poetry and the Rhetoric of Divinity: PA3015.H77 M45 2020
Author(s): Felix J. Meister
Oxford : Oxford University Press 2020.
The polar dichotomy between man and god, and the insurmountable gulf between them, are considered a fundamental principle of archaic and classical Greek religion. Greek Praise Poetry and the Rhetoric of Divinity argues that poetry produced between the eighth and the fifth centuries BC does not present such a uniform view of the world, demonstrating instead that particular genres of poetry may assess the distance between humans and gods differently. Discussion focuses on genres where the boundaries appear to be more flexible, with wedding songs, victory odes, and selected passages from tragedy and comedy taken as case studies that illustrate that some human individuals may, in certain situations, be presented as enjoying a state of happiness, a degree of beauty, or an amount of power comparable to that of the gods. A central question throughout is whether these presentations stem from an individual poet's creative ingenuity or from the conventional ideological repertoire of the respective genre, and how this difference might shape the comparison of a human with the gods. Another important question concerns the ritual contexts in which some of these songs would have been performed, expanding the scope of the analysis beyond merely a literary device to encompass a fundamental aspect of archaic and classical Greek culture.
Mathematics, Metrology, and Model Contracts: A Codex From Late Antique Business Education (P.Math.)
Mathematics, Metrology, and Model Contracts: A Codex From Late Antique Business Education (P.Math.): PA3300.L6 M38 2019
Author(s): Roger S. Bagnall, Alexander Jones
New York : Institute for the Study of the Ancient World and New York University Press 2019.
A comprehensive edition and commentary of a late antique codex Mathematics, Metrology, and Model Contracts is a comprehensive edition and commentary of a late antique codex. The codex contains mathematical problems, metrological tables, and model contracts. Given the nature of the contents, the format, and quality of the Greek, the editors conclude that the codex most likely belonged to a student in a school devoted to training business agents and similar professionals. The editors present here the first full scholarly edition of the text, with complete discussions of the provenance, codicology, and philology of the surviving manuscript. They also provide extensive notes and illustrations for the mathematical problems and model contracts, as well as historical commentary on what this text reveals about late antique numeracy, literacy, education, and vocational training in what we would now see as business, law, and administration. The book will be of interest to papyrologists and scholars who are interested in the history and culture of late antiquity, the history of education, literacy, the ancient economy, and the history of science and mathematics.
Achilles beside Gilgamesh: Mortality and Wisdom in Early Epic Poetry
Achilles beside Gilgamesh: Mortality and Wisdom in Early Epic Poetry: PA4037 .C494 2019
Author(s): Michael Clarke
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press 2019.
Interprets the poetic meaning of the Iliad in relation to the heroic literature of the Ancient Near East.
Homer: Iliad: PA4037 .H77473 2019
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Cambridge University Press 2019.
One of the most diverse books in the Iliad, Book III moves between intimate scenes in the heart of Troy and scenes serious and comic on the battlefield. It describes a major ritual in an elaborate oath-swearing, assigns a major role to divine intervention, introduces and characterises the main Trojan actors and reveals more about their Greek counterparts. The Commentary discusses the styles of Homeric narrative, illustrating especially its economy and sophisticated handling of different time-scales. It situates the Iliad in its broad cultural and historical contexts, through consideration of the relationships between Greece and the Anatolian, Mesopotamian and ancient Indian cultures, particularly regarding shared story-patterns and ritual activity. An account is given of Troy's relationships with the Hittite empire and the vexed question of the historicity of the Trojan War. Also provided is a full historical account of Homeric language. The edition will be indispensable for students and instructors.
The variae : the complete translation
The variae : the complete translation: PA6271.C4 A2 2019
Oakland, California : University of California Press 
Cassiodorus - famed throughout history as one of the great Christian exegetes of antiquity - spent most of his life as a high-ranking public official under the Ostrogothic King Theoderic and his heirs. In that pivotal period, he produced the Variae, a unique letter collection that gave witness to the sixth-century Mediterranean, as Late Antiquity gave way to the early Middle Ages. The Variae represents thirty years of Cassiodorus's work in civil, legal, and financial administration, revealing his interactions with emperors and kings, bishops and military commanders, private citizens and even criminals. Thus, the Variae remains among the most important sources for the history of this period and is an indispensable resource for understanding political and diplomatic culture, economic and legal structure, intellectual heritage, urban landscapes, religious worldview, and the evolution of social relations at all levels of society during the twilight of the late-Roman state. This is the first full translation of this masterwork into English
Virgil's Fourth Eclogue in the Italian Renaissance
Virgil's Fourth Eclogue in the Italian Renaissance: PA6804.B7 H694 2019
Author(s): L. B. T. Houghton
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press 2019.
This pioneering study reveals the central place held by Virgil's 'messianic' Eclogue in the art and literature of Renaissance Italy.